Google Scholar:

(UCF students advised *corresponding author)

  1. Al-Amshawee, S.*, Yunus, Y., Alalwan, H., Lee, W.H., and Dai, F. (2022) Experimental investigation of biofilm carriers of varying shapes, sizes, and materials for wastewater treatment in fixed bed biofilm reactor: a qualitative study of biocarrier performance, Journal of Chemical Technology & Biotechnology, (IF=3.174)
  2. Park. J., Lee, W.H., Kim, K-T., Park. C.Y., Lee, S., and Heo, T-Y. (2022) Interpretation of ensemble learning for water quality prediction using explainable artificial intelligence, Science of the Total Environment, 832 (2022) 155070, (IF=7.963)
  3. Lee, J., Bae, S., Lee, W.H., Gil, K., (2022) Effect of surface area to catchment area ratio on pollutant removal efficiency in vegetation-type facilities, Ecological Engineering, 179, 106609, (IF=4.035)
  4. Hwang, J-H., Fahad, S., Ryu, H., Rodriguez, K.L., Domingo, J.S., Kushima, A., and Lee, W.H.* (2022) Recycling urine for bioelectrochemical hydrogen production using a MoS2 nano carbon coated electrode in a microbial electrolysis cell, Journal of Power Sources, 527, 231209, (IF=9.127)
  5. Yoo, C., Ko, T-J., Hwang, J-H., Mofid, S.A., Stoll, S., Osorto, B., Morillo, L., Han, S.S., Rodriguez, K.L., Lundin, J.G., Lee, W.H., Jung, Y. (2022) 2D MoS2-Polyurethane Sponge for Solar-to-Thermal Energy Conversion in Environmental Applications: Crude Oil Recovery and Seawater Desalination, Journal of Water Process Engineering 47, 102665, (IF=5.485)
  6. Hwang, J-H., Sip, Y.Y.L., Kim, K-T., Han, G., Rodriguez, K.L., Fox, D., Afrin, S., Burnstine-Townley, A., Zhai, L., and Lee, W.H.* (2022) Nanoparticle-embedded hydrogel synthesized electrodes for electrochemical oxidation of perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) and perfluorooctanesulfonic acid (PFOS), Chemosphere, 296, 134001, (IF=7.086)
  7. Pilevar, M., Hwang, J-H., Stanberry, J., Anagnostopoulos, V., Chumbimuni-Torres, K.Y., and Lee, W.H.* (2022) Bismuth-chitosan nanocomposite sensors for trace level detection of Ni(II) and Co(II) in water samples, Water, 14(3), 302; (IF=3.103)
  8. Church, J., Daniels, G.C., Lundin, J.G., Lee, W.H., and Paynter, D.M.* (2021) Stabilization of bilgewater emulsions by shipboard oils, ACS ES&T Water, 1(8), 1745-1755;
  9. Pathak, P., Hwang, J-H., Li, R., Rodriguez, K.L., Rex, M.M., Lee, W.H., and Cho, H.J.* (2021) Flexible copper-biopolymer nanocomposite sensors for trace level lead detection in water, Sensors & Actuators B: Chemical, 344, 130263; (IF=7.100).
  10. Hwang, J-H., Fox, D., Stanberry, J., Anagnostopoulos, V., Zhai, L., and Lee, W.H.* (2021) Direct mercury detection in landfill leachate using a novel AuNP-biopolymer carbon screen-printed electrode sensor, Micromachines, 12(6), 649; (IF=2.523).
  11. Hwang, J-H. and Lee, W.H.* (2021) Continuous photosynthetic biohydrogen production from acetate-rich wastewater: Influence of light intensity, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 46(42), 21812–21821, (IF=4.939)
  12. Kim, J.H.*, Shin, H.S., Lee, W.H. (2021) Impact of endocrine disrupting chemicals in breast milk on postpartum depression in Korean mothers, International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18(9), 4444. (IF=2.849)
  13. Park, Y-G., Lee, W.H., and Kim. K.T.* (2021) Different adsorption behavior between perfluorohexane sulfonate (PFHxS) and perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) on granular activated carbon in full-scale drinking water treatment plants, Processes, 9(4), 571. (IF=2.753).
  14. Pilevar, M., Kim, K.T., and Lee, W.H.* (2021) Recent advances in biosensors for detecting viruses in water and wastewater, Journal of Hazardous Materials, 410, 124656. (IF=10.588)
  15. Al-Amshawee, S.*, Yunus, M.Y.B.M., Lynam, J.G., Lee, W.H., Dai, F., and Dakhil, I.H. (2021) Roughness and wettability of biofilm carriers: a systemic review, Environmental Technology & Innovation, 21, 101233 (IF=3.356).
  16. Diaz, D., Church, J., Willner, M.R., Sarnyai S., Lundin, J.G., Paynter, D., and Lee, W.H.* (2021) Evaluation of bilgewater emulsion stability using nondestructive analytical methods, Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, 60(2), 1014-1025 (IF=3.573) *This paper was selected as the cover article of the volume.
  17. Church, J., Willner, M.R., Renfro, B.R., Chen, Y., Diaz, D., Lee, W.H., Dutcher, C.S., Lundin, J.G., and Paynter, D. (2021) Experimentally determined properties of cleaners and their impacts on bilgewater emulsion stability, Journal of Water Process Engineering, 39, 101684 (IF=3.465).
  18. Hwang, J-H., Lee, M., Kang, E.H., and Lee, W.H.* (2021) Renewable algal photo H2 production without S control using acetate enriched fermenter effluents, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 46(2), 1740-1751 (IF=4.939).
  19. Hwang, J-H., Ryu, H., Rodriguez, K.L., Fahad, S., Domingo, J.S., Kushima, A., and Lee, W.H.* (2021) A strategy for power generation from bilgewater using a photosynthetic microbial fuel cell (MAFC), Journal of Power Source, 484, 229222 (IF=8.247)
  20. Park, J., Park, J-H., Choi, J-S., Joo, J.C., Park, K., Yoon, H.C., Park, C.Y., Lee, W.H., and Heo T-Y. (2020) Ensemble model development for the prediction of disaster index in water treatment systems, Water, 12(11), 3195 (IF=2.544).
  21. Olimattel, K., Church, J., Lee, W.H., Chumbimuni-Torres, K.Y., Zhai, L., and Sadmani, A. (2020) Enhanced fouling resistance and antimicrobial property of ultrafiltration membranes via polyelectrolyte-assisted silver phosphate nanoparticle immobilization, Membranes, 10(10), 293 (IF=3.094)
  22. Rodriguez, K.L., Hwang, J-H., Esfahani, A.R., Sadmani, A H M., and Lee, W.H.* (2020) Recent developments of PFASs detecting sensors and future direction: a review, Micromachines 11, 667 (IF=2.426)
  23. Park, J., Kim, K.T., and Lee, W.H.* (2020) Recent advances in information and communications technology (ICT) and sensor technology for monitoring water quality, Water, 12, 510 (IF=2.524).
  24. Ko, T-J., Hwang, J-H., Davis, D., Shawkat, M.S., Han, S.S., Rodriguez, K., Oh, K.H., Lee, W.H., Jung, Y. (2020) Superhydrophobic MoS2-based multifunctional sponge for recovery and detection of spilled oil, Current Applied Physics, 20(2), 344-351 (IF=2.010).
  25. Ma, X., Lytle, D.A., Lee, W.H.* (2019) Microelectrode investigation on the corrosion initiation at lead-brass galvanic interfaces in chlorinated drinking water, Langmuir, 35(40), 12947-12954, (IF=3.683) *This paper was selected as the cover article of Volume 35, Issue 40.
  26. Hwang, J-H., Wang, X., Pathak, P., Rodriguez, K.L., Cho, H., and Lee, W.H.* (2019) A novel bismuth-chitosan nanocomposite sensor for simultaneous detection of Pb (II), Cd (II) and Zn (II) in wastewater, Micromachines, 10, 511 (IF=2.426). *This paper was selected as the cover article of Volume 10, Issue 8.
  27. Hwang, J-H., Islam, M.A. Choi, H., Ko, T-J., Rodriguez, K.L., Chung H-S., Jung Y., and Lee, W.H.* (2019) Improving electrochemical Pb2+ detection using a vertically-aligned 2D MoS2 nanofilm, Analytical Chemistry, 91, 11770-11777 (IF=6.35). *This paper was chosen as the cover article of Issue 91.
  28. Church, J., Lundin, J.G., Diaz, D., Mercado, D., Willner, M.R., Lee, W.H., Paynter, D.M. (2019) Identification and characterization of bilgewater emulsions, Science of the Total Environment, 691, 981-995 (IF=5.589).
  29. Park, J., Lee, H., Park, C.Y., Hasan, S., Heo, T-Y., Kim, H., and Lee, W.H.* (2019) Algal morphological identification in watersheds for drinking water supply using neural architecture search for convolutional neural network, Water, 11(7), 1338 (IF=2.524).
  30. Hwang, J-H., Pathak, P., Wang, X., Rodriguez, K.L., Park, J., Cho, H., and Lee, W.H.* (2019) A novel Fe-Chitosan-coated carbon electrode sensor for in situ As(III) detection in mining wastewater and soil leachate, Sensors & Actuators B: Chemical, 294(1) 89-97 (IF=5.667).
  31. Lee, D., Lee, W., Park, J., Lee, W.H., Ashokkumar, M., and Son, Y. (2019) Cavitational activity in heterogeneous systems containing fine particles, Ultrasonics Sonochemistry, 58, 104599 (IF=6.012).
  32. Hwang, J-H., Wang, X., Pathak, P., Rex, M., Cho, H., and Lee, W.H.* (2019), Enhanced electrochemical detection of multi-heavy metal ions using a biopolymer-coated planar carbon electrode, IEEE Transaction on Instrumentation and Measurement, 68(7), 2387-2393 (IF=2.794).
  33. Diaz, D., Church, J., Young, M., Kim, K.T., Park, J., Hwang, Y.B., Santra, S., and Lee, W.H.* (2019) Silica-quaternary ammonium “Fixed-Quat” nanofilm coated fiberglass mesh for water disinfection and harmful algal blooms control, Journal of Environmental Sciences, 82, 213-224 (IF=3.120)
  34. Park, J., Son, Y., and Lee, W.H.* (2019) Variation of efficiencies and limits using ultrasonication on practical algal bloom control in fields, Ultrasonics Sonochemistry, 55, 8-17 (IF=6.012).
  35. Hwang, J-H., Kim, K-Y., Resurreccion, E.P., and Lee, W.H.* (2019) Surfactant addition to enhance bioavailability of bilge water in single chamber microbial fuel cells (MFCs), Journal of Hazardous Materials, 368, 732-738 (IF=6.434).
  36. Hwang, J-H., Wang, X., Zhao, D., Rex, M., Cho, H., and Lee, W.H.* (2019) A novel nanoporous bismuth electrode sensor for in situ heavy metal detection, Electrochimica Acta, 298, 440–448. (IF=5.116).
  37. Park, J., Kim, Y., Kim, M., and Lee, W.H.* (2019) A novel method for cell counting of Microcystiscolonies in water resources using a digital imaging flow cytometer and microscope, Environmental Engineering Research, 24(3), 397-403 (IF=1.500). *It was featured in Fluid Imaging Technologies, Inc. website (
  38. Ezeodurukwe, I., Church, J., Young, M., An, J.W., Santra, S., Nam, B., and Lee, W.H.* (2018) Harmful algal bloom control using recycled concrete aggregate coated with quaternary ammonium compounds, Florida Water Resources Journal*, September issue, 30-36. *It is an official publication of three Florida associations: Florida Section/American Water Works Association (FS/AWWA), Florida Water Environment Association (FWEA), and Florida Water & Pollution Control Operators Association (FWPCOA).
  39. Church, J., Ryu, H., Sadmani, A., Randall, A.A., Santo Domingo, J., and Lee, W.H.* (2018) Multiscale investigation of a symbiotic microalgal-integrated fixed film activated sludge (MAIFAS) process for nutrient removal and photo-oxygenation, Bioresource Technology, 268, 128-138 (IF=5.94).
  40. Park, J., Wang, D., and Lee, W.H.* (2018) Evaluation of weir construction on water quality related to algal blooms in the Nakdong River, Environmental Earth Sciences, 77, 408 (IF=1.569).
  41. Munshi, F.M., Church, J., McLean, R., Maier, N., Sadmani, A H M., Duranceau, S.J., and Lee, W.H.*(2018) Dewatering algae using an aquaporin-based polyethersulfone forward osmosis membrane, Separation and Purification Technology, 204 (2), 154–161 (IF=3.359).
  42. Church, J. and Lee, W.H.* (2018) A novel approach for in situ monitoring of Zn2+ in citrus plants using two-step square wave anodic stripping voltammetry, MRS Communications, 8(2), 404-410 (IF=3.01).
  43. Hwang, J-H., Church, J., Lim, J., and Lee, W.H.* (2018) Photosynthetic biohydrogen production in a wastewater environment and its potential as renewable energy, Energy, 149, 222-229 (IF=4.520).
  44. Lee, W. H., Pressman J.G., and David W.G. (2018) Three-dimensional free chlorine and monochloramine biofilm penetration: correlating penetration with biofilm activity and viability, Environmental Science & Technology, 52, 1889-1898 (IF=7.149).
  45. Ma, X., Armas, S., Soliman, M., Lytle, D.A., Chumbimuni-Torres, K., Tetard, L., and Lee, W.H.* (2018) In situ monitoring of Pb2+ leaching from the galvanic joint surface in a prepared chlorinated drinking water, Environmental Science & Technology, 52, 2126-2133 (IF=6.198).
  46. Church, J., Armas, S.M., Patel, P.K., Chumbimuni-Torres, K.Y., and Lee, W.H.* (2018) Development and characterization of needle-type ion-selective microsensors for in situ determination of foliar uptake of Zn2+ in citrus plants, Electroanalysis, 30, 626-632 (IF=2.851).
  47. Islam, M.A., Church, J., Han, C., Chung, H-S., Ji, E., Kim, J.H., Choudhary, N., Lee, G-H., Lee, W.H.*, Jung, Y. (2017) Noble metal-coated MoS2 nanofilms with vertically-aligned 2D layers for visible light-driven photocatalytic degradation of emerging water contaminants, Scientific Reports, 7(1), 14944 (IF=4.259). * This article was selected as one of the top 100 read chemistry papers for Scientific Reports in 2017.
  48. Church, J., Paynter, D.M., and Lee, W.H.* (2017) In situ characterization of oil-in-water emulsions stabilized by surfactant and salt using microsensors, Langmuir, 33(38) 9731-9739 (IF=3.833).
  49. Church, J. Hwang, J-H., Kim, K-T., McLean, R., Oh, Y-K., Nam, B., J.C. Joo, and Lee, W.H.* (2017) Effect of salt type and concentration on the growth and lipid content of Chlorella vulgaris in synthetic saline wastewater for biofuel production, Bioresource Technology, 243, 147-153 (IF=5.94).
  50. Park, J., Church, J., Son, Y., Kim, K-T., and Lee, W.H.* (2017) Recent advances in ultrasonic treatment: challenges and field applications for controlling harmful algal blooms (HABs), Ultrasonics Sonochemistry, 38, 326-334 (IF=6.012).
  51. Wang, W., Ma, X., Church, J., Jung, S., Son, Y., Lee, W.H., and Cho, H.J. (2017) ZnO Nanoflakes as a Template for In-situ Electrodeposition of Nanostructured Cobalt Electrodes as Amperometric Phosphate Sensors, Materials Letters, 192(1), 107-110 (IF=2.437).
  52. Church, J., Kannan, H., An, J., Lee, W.H.*, Santra, S., and Nam, B.H. (2017) Recycled concrete aggregate coated with quaternary ammonium compounds for water disinfection, International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology, 14(3), 543-552 (IF=2.190).
  53. Ma, X., Lee, W.H.*, and Lytle, D.A. (2017) In-situ 2D Maps of pH Shifts across Brass-Lead Galvanic Joints using Microelectrodes, Measurement Science and Technology, 28, 025101 (10pp) (IF=1.435).
  54. Hwang, J.H., Church, J., Lee, S.J., Park, J.S., and Lee, W.H.* (2016) The use of microalgae for advanced wastewater treatment and sustainable bioenergy generation, Environmental Engine Science, 33(11), 882-897 (IF=1.481). * This article was selected as EES High Impact papers (one of six Top-Read Articles of 2016; one of top-cited articles in 2018)
  55. Church, J., Wang, X., Lee, W. H.*, Cho, H. J., and Zhai, L. (2016). A Graphene-Based Nanosensors for In Situ Monitoring of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs), Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, 16(2), 1620-1623 (IF=1.556).
  56. Joo, J.C., Ahn, C.H., Lee, S., Jang, D-G., Lee, W.H., Ryu, B.R. (2016). Algal Growth Potential of Microcystis aeruginosa from Reclaimed Water, Water Environment Research, 88(1), 54-62 (IF=1.134).
  57. Church, J., Verbyla, M., Lee, W.H.*, Randall, A.A., Amundsen, T.J., and Zastrow, D.J. (2015) Dishwashing water recycling system and related water quality standard for military use, Science of the Total Environment, 529, 275-284 (IF=3.163).
  58. Lee, W. H., Wahman, D. G., and Pressman, J. G. (2015) Monochloramine-sensitive amperometric microelectrode: optimization of gold, platinum, and carbon fiber sensing materials for removal of dissolved oxygen interference, Ionics, 1-12, (IF=1.836).
  59. W. H., (2015) Needle-type Environmental Microelectrode Sensors for In Situ Biofilm Study in Aqueous Systems, Journal of Ecology and Environment, 2 (2), 85–103.
  60. Lee, W.H.* and Ma, X.M., (2015) Development of a gold microelectrode and its application for evaluating free chlorine consumption by metal surfaces, Austin Journal of Biosensors & Bioelectronics. 1 (2), 1006-1011 (IF=1.500).
  61. Xue, Z, Lee, W.H., Coburn, K.M., and Seo, Y. (2014). Selective reactivity of monochloramine with extracellular matrix components affects the disinfection of biofilm and detached clusters, Environmental Science & Technology, 48 (7), 3832–3839 (IF=5.481)
  62. Lee, W. H., Wahman, D. G., and Pressman, J. G., (2013) Amperometric carbon fiber nitrite microsensor for in situ biofilm monitoring, Sensors and Actuators B, 188, 1263-1269 (IF=3.535).
  63. Guo, X., Lee, W. H., Noe, A, Shanov, V. N., and Heineman, W. R., (2013) Detection of trace zinc by an electrochemical microsensor based on carbon nanotube threads, Electroanalysis, 25(7), 1599−1604 (IF= 2.817).
  64. Lee, W. H., Choi, W-H., Guo, , Heineman, W. R., and Bishop, P. L., (2012) Material science chemistry of electrochemical microsensors and applications for biofilm research, Key Engineering Materials: Innovation in Materials Science II, 521, 113−139 (IF=0.363).
  65. Pressman, J. G., Lee, W. H., Bishop, P. L., and Wahman, D. G., (2012) Effect of free ammonia concentration on monochloramine penetration within a nitrifying biofilm and its effect on activity, viability, and recovery, Water Research, 46, 882−894 (IF=5.323).
  66. Lee, W. H., Lee, J-H., Choi, W-H., Hosni, A., Papautsky, I., Bishop, P. L., (2011) Needle-type environmental microsensors: design, construction and uses of microelectrode and multi-analyte MEMS sensor arrays*, Measurement Science and Technology, 22, 042001 (22pp) (IF=1.435). * This article is a top 10% paper and has been downloaded over 500 times in 97 days from the date of publication. 
  67. Lee, W. H., Wahman, D. G., Bishop, P. L., and Pressman, J. G., (2011) Free chlorine and monochloramine application to nitrifying biofilm: comparison of biofilm penetration, activity, and viability, Environmental Science and Technology, 45, 1421−1419 (IF=5.481).
  68. Lee, W. H., Pressman, J. G., Wahman, D. G., and Bishop, P. L., (2010) Characterization and application of a chlorine microelectrode for measuring monochloramine within a biofilm. Sensors and Actuators B, 145(2), 734−742 (IF=3.535).
  69. Lee, W. H., and Bishop, P. L., (2010) In situ microscale analyses of activated sludge flocs in the enhanced biological phosphate removal process by the use of microelectrodes and fluorescent in situ hybridization. Journal of Environmental Engineering (ASCE), 136(6), 561−567 (IF=1.117).
  70. Lee, W. H., Lee, J-H., Bishop, P. L., and Papautsky, I., (2009) Biological application of MEMS microelectrode array sensors for direct measurement of phosphate in the enhanced biological phosphorus removal process, Water Environment Research, 81(8), 748−754 (IF=1.134).
  71. Lee, J-H., Lee, W. H., Bishop, P. L., and Papautsky, I., (2009) A cobalt-coated needle-type microelectrode array sensor for in situ monitoring of phosphate, Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering, 19(2), 025022 (IF=1.790).
  72. Lee, W. H., Seo, Y., and Bishop, P. L., (2009) Characteristics of a cobalt-based phosphate microelectrode for in situ monitoring of phosphate and its biological application, Sensors and Actuators B, 137(1), 121−128 (IF=6.393).
  73. Seo, Y., Lee, W. H., and Bishop, P. L., (2009) Application of a permeable reactive biobarrier for surfactant enhanced soil bioremediation, Environmental Pollution, 95−101 (IF=3.730).
  74. Rhu, D. H., Lee, W. H., Kim, J. Y., and Choi, E., (2003) Polyhydroxy-alkanoate (PHA) production from waste, Water Science and Technology, 48(8), 221−228 (IF=1.102).

Refereed Chapters in Edited Books (UCF students advised *corresponding author)

  1. Lee, W. H.*, Stoll, S., Baik, J. (2022) Application and role of nanotechnology for the degradation of pharmaceutical chemical from the aquatic system, Pharmaceuticals in Aquatic Environment: Toxicity, Monitoring and Remediation Technologies (Ed. VK Garg, Ashok Pandey, Navish Kataria & Caterina Faggio), CRC Press/Taylor & Francis
  2. Hwang, J-H., Sadmani, A., Lee, S-J., Kim, K-T. and Lee, W.H.* (2020). Microalgae: An eco-friendly tool for the treatment of wastewaters for environmental safety, Bioremediation of Industrial Wastes for Environmental Safety, Volume II: Biological Agents and Methods for Industrial Waste Management (Eds. Bharagava, R.N. and Saxena, G.), 283-304, Springer Nature, Singapore.
  3. Sadmani, A., Lee, W.H., Andrews, R.C., Agnieszka, C., and Brar, S.K. (2018). Occurrence and Treatment of Contaminants of Emerging Concern in Drinking Water, Potable Water Treatment, Handbook of Environmental Engineering (Ed. Surampalli R.), McGraw-Hill Education.
  4. Guo, X. and Lee, W. H., (2016) Electronic Properties of Carbon Nanotubes and Their Applications in Electrochemical Sensors and Biosensors (volume 3), Graphene Science Handbook, CRC Press/Taylor & Francis.
  5. Lee, W. H.*, Guo, X., Guo, D., Campiglia, A., Ma, X., Church, J. (2015). In Situ Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon (PAH) Sensors, Wastewater Treatment: Occurrence and Fate of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs), (Ed. Amy J. Forsgren), CRC Press/Taylor & Francis, 175-210.
  6. Lee, W. H.*, Lee, J-H., Choi, W-H., Papautsky, I., and Bishop, P. L. (2014). Needle-Type Environmental Sensors (Ch. 7), Measurement, Instrumentation, and Sensors Handbook, Second Edition: Spatial, Mechanical, Thermal, and Radiation Measurement (Webster, J.G., Eren H., Ed.), CRC Press, 1-24.
  7. Lee, J-H., Seo, Y., Lee, W. H., Bishop, P. L., and Papautsky, I. (2010). Needle-Type Multi-Analyte MEMS Sensor Arrays for In Situ Measurements in Biofilms, in: Emerging Environmental Technologies, Volume II, (Ed. Vishal Shah), Springer, Oakdale, NY, 115-145.